In Focus Armed Violence Monitor Explores the Impact of Firearm Incidents in Domestic Context in South East Europe in 2022

The most recent In Focus Armed Violence Monitor brings to light firearm incidents in the context of domestic violence in South East Europe in 2022, providing also a comparative analysis with the data from 2021.

An overview of firearm incidents perpetrated by intimate partners and other close family members highlights the consequences of firearm misuse in the domestic setting and underscores its disproportionate impact on women, particularly in the context of intimate partner violence.

In 2022, a total of 107 firearm incidents in the context of domestic violence were reported in SEE, with 62 cases committed by intimate partners and 45 by other family members.

Over the years, the severity of domestic violence has been reflected in the number of firearm-related fatalities documented by the Armed Violence Monitoring Platform (AVMP). In 2022, there were 29 deaths resulting from firearm incidents in domestic settings, surpassing the numbers reported in any other type of incident covered by the AVMP, including those in the criminal context, public disputes, and undetermined shootings. This is particularly concerning considering that, despite the lower number of incidents recorded in domestic settings compared to other contexts, the fatalities were higher.

In cases where perpetrators used firearms against members of their nuclear or extended family, 11 men and 6 women lost their lives, with four men sustaining injuries. Fifteen individuals, including nine men and six women, were threatened.

Of 125 victims of firearm misuse in the context of domestic violence, 82 were women and 43 were men.

Out of all women killed with firearms in 2022, 66% of women were killed with firearms in the context of domestic violence, mainly by their intimate partners. In the same period, no men were killed with firearms by their partners.

In cases in which perpetrators used firearms against members of their nuclear or extended family, 11 men and 6 women died. Four men were injured. Fifteen people, of whom nine men and six women were threatened.

In 2022, men were the only perpetrators of domestic violence involving firearms, pointing to highly gendered patterns of firearm misuse in the domestic violence setting. Perpetrators were predominantly aged between 36 and 60 when their age was known.

Handguns were the most used weapons, being reported in nearly 50% (46) of all incidents.

Urban areas witnessed a higher frequency of firearm incidents in the domestic context (74%) compared to rural areas (26%).

The microlocation data for 2022 indicate that 88% of incidents (71) occurred within homes.

More information on firearm incidents in the domestic setting in the SEE in 2022 is available here.

About the Armed Violence Monitoring Platform (AVMP)

The AVMP monitors firearms-related incidents happening in South East Europe. Established in 2014, it collects detailed data from media reports and reports of public institutions where available, covering the Western Balkans and the Republic of Moldova.

The collected data ranges from the type of incident, firearms used, age and gender of the victim and the perpetrator, outcome of the incident, etc.

The AVMP aims to make essential data available to all interested parties and serve as an informative tool for interventions with the overarching goal of a more effective arms control framework and reducing their negative impact on civilians.

The AVMP is supported with funding from EU Council Decision (CFSP) 2019/2111 to support SEESAC disarmament and arms control activities in South-East Europe, reducing the threat of illicit small arms and light weapons and their ammunition.

 

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